Medical / Surgical Dermatology
Medical and Surgical Dermatology – Skin Cancer Removal and More
Though youthful skin is certainly desirable, skin health is about more than just appearance. In addition to a full range of cosmetic procedures, including injectables and laser hair removal, we at Eastside Dermatology & Skin Care Center provide comprehensive medical and surgical dermatology services to Hilliard and other Columbus, Ohio area communities. Skin cancer removal and treatment for a variety of common skin conditions make us the only destination you need for total skin health and beauty.
- Annual Skin Exams
- Skin Cancer
- Treatment of Common Skin Conditions
Annual Skin Exams
Annual skin exams are crucial to identifying and treating skin cancer and other conditions before they can cause serious health problems. The risk of skin cancer increases with age, and all adults should undergo annual exams with a skin care specialist.
At our dermatology practice in Columbus, Ohio, serving Hilliard and other suburban communities, we perform complete screenings for our patients in order to detect problems as early as possible. Our exams are as quick and convenient as possible, but more importantly, they are the best way to avoid potentially disfiguring or life-threatening skin conditions.
Skin cancer is the single most common form of cancer in the United States today. There are many precautions one can take to lower the risks of getting skin cancer. It is known that prolonged exposure to the sun or indoor tanning can vastly increase the chances of skin cancer. Using sunblock with both UVA and UVB protection on a daily basis is a great start. Other preventative measures include wearing wide-brimmed hats and protective clothing, and avoiding the sun between the peak intensity hours of 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. One of the most important things you can do to protect yourself from skin cancer is to have your skin checked annually by a dermatologist. All types of skin cancer can be detected early through annual exams and a biopsy.
Types of Skin Cancer
Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common and least invasive form of skin cancer. Once diagnosed, this type of cancer can usually be removed surgically under local anesthesia. Cancerous growths that fit certain criteria – cosmetic location, large size, or recurrent tumor – are best treated with Mohs micrographic surgery.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma, though a more invasive form of skin cancer than basal cell carcinoma, is highly treatable when diagnosed early. This type of skin cancer can also be removed surgically, similar to the removal of basal cell carcinoma.
Malignant Melanoma, though not as common as basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, is more deadly and is on the rise. There are many subtypes of melanoma, some having a greater likelihood of spreading (metastasizing) to other body sites if not detected early. Once melanoma is diagnosed, a thorough workup is performed and a treatment course is started. All patients with a history of melanoma should have annual skin checks. First degree family members of those with a history of melanoma should also have annual skin checks as there is a genetic component to this form of skin cancer.
Treatment of Common Skin Conditions
Though not generally life threatening, many common skin conditions are uncomfortable, unsightly, and even potentially disfiguring. Our dermatology experts are trained to identify common skin problems as early as possible, and our state-of-the-art practice is equipped to offer the safest and most effective treatments available.
Acne is one of the most common and most frustrating conditions faced by dermatology patients. Chronic blemishes on the face and body can lead to insecurity and poor self-esteem. Though commonly thought to only be a condition that plagues teenagers, acne can arise in adults as well. There are many factors contributing to acne, including bacteria, stress, medications, and hormones. At Eastside Dermatology, we offer a selection of effective prescription-only skin care products and treatments designed to treat acne, promoting clear skin and enhanced self-confidence. Our office has products for purchase that our doctors use in conjunction with prescription medications to treat acne.
Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition that typically affects adults, both men and women, of all races, over the age of 30. It is characterized by redness, bumps, and enlarged facial blood vessels. Many people mistake rosacea for adult acne, but it is an unrelated condition. Rosacea rarely disappears on its own, instead requiring a treatment to eliminate bumps, redness, and other related symptoms. The condition can be managed with topical and oral medications, non-irritating cleansers, daily sun protection, and further prevention of triggers for rosacea. We also provide laser dermatology treatments that target the broken blood vessels on the face in an effort to restore normal skin tone and color.
Eczema / Dermatitis
Eczema and other forms of dermatitis are a type of chronic epidermal inflammation. Patients suffering from eczema typically experience skin dryness, recurring itchy rashes, redness, swelling, and blistering. There are many causes of dermatitis, including contact with an irritant or allergen (contact dermatitis), or results simply as a response to a change in temperature/humidity. When contact dermatitis is suspected, we use patch testing – with a panel of 65 common allergens used as a screening test – to determine the specific causes of allergic reaction.
Though there is no cure currently available for eczema or dermatitis, there are treatments that can control its various symptoms, including antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and antihistamines. Our doctors also prescribe medications and recommend products, which our office carries, to prevent/treat dry skin and help restore normal skin function.
Psoriasis is a non-contagious inflammatory disorder that typically affects the skin, but can also attack the joints. Individuals suffering from psoriasis develop scaly patches on the skin due to overactive skin cell production. This buildup develops most often on the elbows and knees, but can occur almost anywhere on the body. Treatment for psoriasis varies from person to person depending on the severity of the condition, but may include various topical medicines, light therapy, or systemic treatment with injection/intravenous infusion medications (i.e. the biologics).
Remicade® Infusions – Psoriasis Treatment
Eastside Dermatology is now providing Remicade® (Infliximab) infusion services for patients with plaque psoriasis of the skin. Remicade® is given as an intravenous infusion, based on body weight, over a two-hour period at our office, with a frequency of four to eight weeks, or as needed, after an initial dose of three infusions at zero, two, and four weeks apart. The availability of infusions at ESD is provided as a service for patients, who will not have to travel to receive the infusions, and to their physicians, who can be assured that the patient in their care will receive skilled evaluation and administration of this therapy. The infusion room at ESD is equipped with many comforts to help the patient relax during the treatment. Patients are normally given Tylenol and Benadryl before the infusion to reduce the possibility of possible infusion reactions (reactions typically consist of a low grade fever and/or mild aching during the infusion).
Age Spots and Freckles
Age spots, also sometimes called liver spots, and freckles are dark discolorations on the skin that are typically caused by ultraviolet exposure due to the sun. Age spots and freckles are typically non-cancerous and harmless; however, they should be examined as part of an annual skin examination because they can sometimes obscure suspicious lesions and interfere with skin cancer detection. At Eastside Dermatology, age spot removal is most commonly achieved through laser treatment or cryotherapy (freezing).
Most people develop moles during childhood, and they fade gradually after middle age. Moles are typically benign, but a mole that changes in appearance – bleeding, itching, becoming inflamed, growing asymmetrically, or developing a crust – can be an early indicator of skin cancer (melanoma). Unusual moles can be detected by followed the ABCD’s of abnormal moles:
- A: Asymmetry: Visually divide the mole in half. Each side should look like the other side. If not, it is considered asymmetrical and may be a warning sign.
- B: Border irregularity: Moles should have even, round, smooth borders. They should not be jagged or irregular.
- C: Color: Moles should be uniform in color, as in all light brown or dark brown. Moles that are atypical often have combinations of coloring, most importantly black.
- D: Diameter: Most abnormal moles are greater than the tip of a pencil eraser (about 6mm). However, this is not a hard and fast rule, so it is best to have your moles checked by a dermatologist.
Moles can be removed through the use of a freezing agent such as liquid nitrogen, or through surgery. If skin cancer is suspected, the mole must be biopsied before removal.
Hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin which can be permanent or temporary, and is the result of sun damage, inflammation, or skin injuries.
Melasma is a condition in which the facial skin becomes noticeably darker than the rest of the body. It is often caused by changes in hormone levels, and is common among pregnant women and those who take hormonal medications such as contraceptives. The condition is also strongly tied to genetic factors. Melasma can be treated with topical bleaching agents, use of sunblock, facial peels, and microdermabrasion.
A wart is a rough tumorous growth, caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), which is contagious. They sometimes disappear on their own, but often last for years. There are many types of warts, potentially affecting all areas of the human body. They are most commonly treated through cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen), electrocautery, surgical scraping, injection of chemotherapeutic agents, and lasers.
Genital warts are caused by a specific strain of HPV that is sexually transmitted. They are often treated by a dermatologist through freezing with liquid nitrogen or by applying a topical prescription.
A seborrheic keratosis is a benign skin growth. Seborrheic keratoses become more common with age. These growths vary in size, shape, and color. Some seborrheic keratoses resemble warts, but they are unrelated. They can be removed through cryotherapy, surgery, or electrocautery.
Unlike seborrheic keratoses, actinic keratoses are pre-cancerous lesions that have the potential of turning into skin cancer (squamous cell carcinoma). They typically appear on parts of the body that have been exposed to the sun. We remove these keratoses immediately for our dermatology patients in order to prevent this form of skin cancer from developing. Removal of actinic keratoses is possible through freezing with liquid nitrogen, topical prescription medications, and photodynamic therapy (PDT).
Nails can be a good indicator on how the rest of the body is functioning. Changes in the nail could be due to infections (fungal or bacterial), diet, vitamin deficiencies, or even cardiac, kidney, or liver disease.
Hair and Scalp Issues
Alopecia is commonly known as hair loss. There are numerous types and causes of alopecia, with the specific type determining the course of treatment.
Seborrheic dermatitis, also called dandruff, is an inflammatory disorder of the scalp, which can also affect other areas of the body. This condition causes redness, itching and flaking, and can generally be treated with topical medications and/or shampoos.
Inflammatory and Infectious Skin Conditions
Bacteria, viruses, and fungus that make their way into an open wound or a break in the skin and can cause many different forms of skin infections. These conditions can often be diagnosed with the naked eye, but may require a laboratory culture to determine the specific organism causing the infection. Most inflammatory and infectious skin conditions are treated with type-specific oral or topical medications.
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection of the skin that is spread through skin to skin contact. Although not always necessary, treatment of molluscum contagiosum may involve surgical scraping (curettage), freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy), or removal through heat (cautery).
Schedule a Dermatology Checkup in Columbus or Hilliard, Ohio – Skin Cancer Removal and More
Healthy skin is a crucial part of any person’s overall health, beauty, and wellbeing. To schedule a dermatology consultation at one of our locations in Columbus or Hilliard, Ohio, or to learn more about skin cancer removal, please contact Eastside Dermatology & Skin Care Center today.